Two kings, both wise and good, meet in a narrow way, and a dispute arises who is to give place. Both are of the same age and power. Their drivers sing each his master’s praises. One is good to the good, and bad to the bad; the other repays evil with good. The first acknowledges his superior, and gives place.
The Bodhisatta is a young lion, one of seven brothers; a Jackal proposes love to his sister. Six of the brothers set out to kill the jackal, but seeing him as he lies in a crystal grotto, imagine him to be in the sky, leap up and kill themselves. The Bodhisatta roars, and the jackal dies of fear.
A boar challenges a lion to fight; and then in fear wallows amid filth until he smells so foul that the lion will not come near him, but owns himself vanquished rather than fight with him.
A Garuḷa chases a serpent, which taking the form of a jewel, fixes himself upon an ascetic’s garment, and by this means wins safety.
How a goblin had power over all people who did not wish each other well at a sneeze, and how he was foiled.
An elephant runs a thorn into its foot; it is tended by some carpenters, and serves them out of gratitude. His young one takes his place afterwards, and is bought by the king for a large sum. How on the king’s death, it routs a hostile host, and saves the kingdom for the king’s infant son.
A jackal rescues a lion, who out of gratitude makes him a friend. The lioness is jealous of the she-jackal; then the whole matter is explained, and maxims given in praise of friendship.
Two savage horses, that maltreat all other of their kind, strike up a sudden friendship with each other, thus illustrating the proverb, ‘Birds of a feather.’
How a peacock kept itself safe by reciting spells; how its mind was disturbed by hearing the female’s note, and it was caught; how the king desired to eat it, but the peacock discoursed such good divinity that he was stayed; and finally the bird was set free again to return to the mountains.
A bird, the offspring of a goose with a crow, is being carried by his father’s two other sons to see him, but is arrogant and compares them to horses that serve him; so he is sent back again.
How a man kept a fat elephant, which turned against him and trampled him to death.
How a man had his house burnt by reason of the great offerings which he made to his sacred fire.
How a lad whose hereditary right it was to manage a festival, journeyed 2000 leagues in a day, learnt the ceremonial, and returned in time to conduct the ceremony.
About a merchant who succoured some vultures, and they in return stole cloths and other things and brought to him; how one was caught, and the king learnt the story, and all the goods were restored.
How a mongoose and a snake were friends, and distrusted each other nevertheless; and how they were made at one.
How a certain man was particular in choice of burying-grounds, and how he was shown that there is no spot free of taint from some dead body.
How a nymph tempted the saint to love, and he resisted, since no man knows the time of death.
How a quail beat a falcon by fighting on his own ground.
How the Buddha forsook the world, and discoursed on charity.
How a certain man became a recluse all because of a lucky greeting.
How a jackal amongst lions betrayed himself by his tongue.
How a monkey disguised himself as an ascetic, and was found out.
How the Bodhisatta drew water for a monkey, and all he got for his pains was a grimace and an insult.
How a rascally monkey made havoc in the settlement, and the people took him for a holy being.
How a monkey threw away a handful of peas to find one.
How a troop of monkeys entered a village by night, and were surrounded by the villagers; and the device by which they were saved.
How a tortoise came to grief because he loved his home too much.
How a proud young brahmin ate the leavings of a low-caste man, and then felt ashamed of himself.
Where faith is, no gift is small.
Of a clever archer, and his feats.
How a noble elephant obeyed the word of command.
He that is noble keeps a steady brain even though he drain most potent liquor dry.
Evil communications corrupt good manners.
On serenity of mind.
The Magic Razor-axe, Milk-bowl, and Drum.
How a jackal was reproved for intruding.
How a mongrel cub among lions was betrayed by its voice.
The ass in the lion’s skin.
How a virtuous barber saved another man by his merit.
How a wicked wife fooled her husband, and sent him prancing down the street in horse-trappings.
Of a wicked wife, who tried to murder her husband, and finally with her paramour was brought for trial before her husband, then become king.
Of the plot devised by a king to take the wife of another man; and how Sakka caused him to change bodies with his victim, and so to be executed himself.
How the Bodhisatta advised a king to condone an intrigue.
How some shipwrecked mariners escaped from a city of goblins by aid of a flying horse.
How to tell friend from foe.
How a parrot told tales of his mistress, and had his neck wrung.
How a wife tried to trick her husband, and was found out.
How a father chose a husband for his daughters.
The real fetters are those of desire.
How Sakka rebuked an irreverent king.
How to win the goodwill of snakes.
How a crow tried to steal meat, and was plucked.
How two fish disputed which should be the more beautiful, and a tortoise answered that he was more beautiful than either.
How a woodpecker and a tortoise rescued their friend the antelope from a trap.
How a king was cured of love for his dead wife by a revelation of her present condition.
How a crocodile wanted the heart of a monkey, and how the monkey pretended that it was hanging on a fig-tree.
How a fowler tried to stalk a bird by covering himself with branches.
How a woodpecker struck a tree too hard for it, and perished.
How a foolish man gave when he meant to crave.
How a husband found out his wife’s intrigue by the state of the rice.
How the king of Bharu made two bands of hermits to quarrel.
How a king sent a riddling message to his former preceptor.
How a tortoise was conveyed through the air, biting with his teeth upon a stick; and how he answered to a taunt, and fell.
How a fish being captured lamented for loss of his wife, and was set at liberty.
How a pious greengrocer tested his daughter’s virtue.
How a man deposited ploughshares with a friend, and the friend protested that they had been eaten by rats; and of the clever device by which the man’s guilt was brought home to him.
How a monkey had been a captive of men, and escaped, and his censure upon mankind.
How impossible tasks were set to a good man, who did them all by aid of Sakka.
How a man disguised himself in holy robes, and killed elephants; and how he was put to shame.
How two monkeys sacrificed their lives to save their mother, and what befel the hunter.
How a harsh husband was rebuked.
How two sinners were made to amend their ways.
How an owl came to grief through sallying forth untimely.
How an intoxicated beetle challenged an elephant, and was ignominiously destroyed.
How a king was cured of greed.
How a king was frightened away by the mere sight of a city gate.
How a hostile king was frightened away by the sight of the Bodhisatta, and the hearing of his threats.
How a pupil tried to outdo his teacher, and was worsted.
How a girl thought a humpback was a right royal man, and how she was undeceived.
How some fish came to feed at the sound of a drum; and how a malevolent crocodile was speared.
How a man, enamoured of a sprite, lost his wife by this lust.
How a Brother was tempted to return to the world, and the evil of a worldly life shown forth.
How a crane shammed sleep, in order to catch fish; and how he was exposed.
(As No. 68.)
Of a precocious boy who asked a philosophical question; and the answer to the same.
A water-snake that fell into a fish-trap, and how the fish all fell upon him; with a moral.
How the porter mourned when his tyrannical master died, lest he should prove too much for the King of Death, and should be sent back to earth again.
How a jackal learnt the spell ‘Of subduing the world,’ and by it collected a great army of wild beasts; and how he was discomfited.
How a dog gnawed through his leash, and escaped from servitude.
How a great musician played by aid of Sakka to the delight of all that heard.
How a certain man tried to catch the Master with phrases.
How the Master discomfited some would-be clever youths.
That there is no harm in eating meat, but only in taking life.
How a fool was found out.
How four lads saw a tree, and each described it differently.
How soft words failed to bring down a monkey from a tree.
How a monkey disguised himself as an ascetic, and was found out.
How an ascetic was tempted by lust, and how he was saved.
How a teacher chastised a pupil, and the pupil meditated revenge, but was appeased.
How a serpent and an ascetic were friends, and how the ascetic got rid of the serpent.
Of a high-bred foal; how he knew his own worth, and what he could do for a marvel.
Of a parrot that used to bring food oversea for his parents, and how he ate too much, and was drowned.
How some men won a treasure by digging, and by digging too much lost it again.
How a prince’s wisdom was tried. Also how a man was haled to the king’s tribunal for injuries done unwittingly, and the judgements of the king thereupon; and of certain problems propounded to him by those he met. [Several stories in one.]
How a king could not win contentment, not though he ruled as King of Heaven.
How a king’s life was saved, and the gratitude which he showed to his deliverer.
How a man got a meal by calling himself ‘Belly’s Messenger.’
How some boys tried to wheedle a noseless gardener that he might give them a bunch of lotus.
Love will find a way; and the nature of womankind.
How the Bodhisatta is tempted by a woman, and succumbs.
(Incomplete: as No. 489.)
How one brave man saved a caravan from robbers.
How a she-ass fell in love with a fine horse, and by coquetry lost him.
How an elephant, by aid of his faithful mate, destroyed an immense crab.
How some monkeys were left to water a garden, and how they pulled up the trees to proportion the water to the length of the roots.
How the shrew was tamed by observation of a cuckoo and a jay.
How the owl was proposed as king of the birds, but because of his sour looks, not taken.
The vile nature of jackals.
How a sprite drove away from its wood a lion and tiger, and how men came and cut the trees down.
How a monkey insulted a tortoise, and how he was punished.
How a crow lost his life through greed.
(As No. 274.)
How there was a drought, and by observance of virtue the rain was made to come.
How a sham ascetic tried to kill a bird, and failed.
Of a wicked monkey, that was killed for his vileness; and of the patience of the Bodhisatta.
How a man did not know his friend from his enemy; and how the Bodhisatta was a robber.
Of a monkey who thought to please a gardener by destroying the potties which he made.
How a queen longed for a ‘middle mango’; and how a pet parrot procured one.
How a marauding monarch was conquered by kindness.
How a boar drilled an army of boars to conquer a tiger; and how a sham ascetic was done to death.
How luck came of eating the flesh of certain birds.
How some boars tried to sully crystal by rubbing it, and only made it shine the more.
How an ox envied the fatted pig.
Of the evil of a worldly life.
How a parcel of money was lost in the river, and restored by the river-spirit in the belly of a fish.
How a king fell into the hands of thieves, and a brahmin saw it; and what were the boons he asked.
How a man tried his own reputation for virtue.
The Wishing-Bowl, with a moral ending.
How a queen of the crows desired some meat, and a brave crow got it for her.
Of a sick man who on his recovery became religious, to his own great advantage.
The Fox and the Crow, with a difference.
Similar to the last, but vice versa.
Of a crow that feared the sea might be drunk dry.
How desire is stronger than pain.
Old birds cannot be caught with chaff.
Upon the reformation of a mischievous monkey.
How a wolf kept a holy day service.